An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church

A - Z Glossary

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Organized at Newport on Nov. 18, 1790, it voted to declare Bishop Samuel Seabury of Connecticut "Bishop of the Church in this State." From July 20, 1798, until Sept. 10, 1803, Rhode Island was under the jurisdiction of Bishop Edward Bass of Massachusetts. On May 29, 1810, Rhode Island participated... Read More »

(c. 1197-Apr. 2 or 3, 1253). Bishop and clerical reformer. He studied at Oxford, Paris, and Bologna. Richard became university chancellor at Oxford around 1235. He was later appointed chancellor by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Edmund of Abingdon. Richard also served as chancellor of Canterbury... Read More »

(c. 1500-Oct. 16, 1555). Bishop and Protestant martyr. He was born in Willimoteswick, Northumberland. Ridley attended Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, where he later became a fellow. In 1527 he was ordained priest. He then studied at the Sorbonne in Paris and at Louvain. He returned to Cambridge and in... Read More »

See Sanctuary (2).

See Reverend, The.

Living in right relationship with God and others. Unrighteous behavior would tend to undermine right relationship with God. For example, the disobedience of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden (Gn 3) was unrighteous because it distorted relationship with God. In the OT, righteousness was understood... Read More »

(b. Oct. 23, 1923). Bishop brought to trial for ordaining a homosexual. He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Righter received his B.A. from the University of Pittsburgh in 1948 and his S.T.B. from the Berkeley Divinity School in 1951. He was ordained deacon on Apr. 7, 1951, and priest on Oct... Read More »

(July 19, 1911-Sept. 29, 1983). Historian and seminary professor. He was born in Chester, Pennsylvania. Rightmyer received his M.A. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1935, his Th.B. from the Philadelphia Divinity School in 1935, his Ed.D. from Temple University in 1945, his Ed.M. from Loyola... Read More »

See St. Paul's University, Tokyo. Read More »

Christians have apparently worn finger-rings with Christian symbols since the third or fourth centuries. Rings have been associated with fidelity. There are several specific Christian uses of rings. Wedding Rings. It was a Roman custom for the man to give the woman a ring at the time of... Read More »

The 1892 General Convention established the Missionary District of New Mexico. The 1895 General Convention voted to take the counties of El Paso, Reeves, Culberson, Jeff Davis, Presidio, Brewster, Terrell, Hudspeth, and Pecos from the Missionary District of Western Texas and add them to the... Read More »

(June 22, 1849-July 9, 1921). Anglo-catholic leader. He was born in Philadelphia, and received his B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1867. After teaching at the Episcopal Academy, Philadelphia, 1867-1868, he entered the General Theological Seminary. He received his S.T.B. in 1871. He was... Read More »

A form for religious ceremony. It includes both what is said and what is done in the religious observance. Rite expresses the church's relationship with God through words, actions, and symbols. It orders the church's common worship. Rite enables the community to share its faith and... Read More »

The 1979 BCP provides the services of Morning and Evening Prayer, the Holy Eucharist, and the Burial Office in both traditional language and contemporary language rites. The traditional language rites are known as Rite 1, and the contemporary language rites are known as Rite 2. The BCP also... Read More »

The nickname given to "An Order for Celebrating the Holy Eucharist" (BCP, pp. 400-405). This rite is in the form of an outline that allows the participants to prepare many of the liturgical texts that will be used in the eucharistic celebration while maintaining the same basic structure of the... Read More »

Liturgical texts and ceremonies of divine worship. The term originally indicated the prescribed words of worship, but it came to include the entire liturgical action and presentation of the rite. The nineteenth-century ritualist controversy in the Episcopal Church included disputes over such... Read More »

See Ritualism.

Ritual refers to the prescribed form of words of an act of worship and also has been used to indicate the ceremonial of worship. The term "ritualism" was applied to the ceremonial enrichment of public worship by re-introducing pre-Reformation ceremonial practices into Anglicanism. These included... Read More »

Wilbur Cochel, a deputy from West Missouri to the 1940 General Convention, believed that a good rural priest needed to know about farming. In 1942 he and his wife offered their 320-acre demonstration farm, twenty miles north of Kansas City, to the Episcopal Church. It was called Roanridge Farm... Read More »

(Dec. 11, 1876-Mar. 20, 1952). Cathedral dean, preacher, and writer. He was born in Philadelphia. Robbins received his B.A. from Yale University in 1899 and graduated from the Episcopal Theological School in 1903. He was ordained deacon on May 17, 1903, and priest on May 29, 1904. Robbins was... Read More »

(May 2, 1875-May 17, 1955). First lay president of the House of Deputies, and associate justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was born in Philadelphia. Roberts received his B.A. in 1895 and his LL.B. in 1898, both from the University of Pennsylvania. He was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar... Read More »

(1796-Oct. 5, 1881). Missionary to Greece. He was born in New York City. After study at the Virginia Theological Seminary, Robertson was ordained deacon on Dec. 10, 1820. He was ordained priest the next year, and then became president of Middlebury College in Middlebury, Vermont. Robertson later... Read More »

The 1931 General Convention voted to divide the Diocese of Western New York. The primary convention of the Diocese of Rochester met at Trinity Church, Geneva, New York, Dec. 15-16, 1931. The diocese includes the following counties: Allegany, Livingston, Monroe, Ontario, Schuyler, Steuben, Wayne,... Read More »

A vestment of white linen or similar material which replaced the alb and which in time came to be used only by bishops. Early American bishops found the huge balloon sleeves difficult both to launder and to carry, so the rochet was sleeveless, and the sleeves were tacked lightly to the chimere.... Read More »

(June 11, 1909-Jan. 14, 1985). Christian educator. She was born in Detroit, Michigan. Rodenmayer received her B.A. from the University of Michigan, her M.R.E. from Columbia Teachers College, and her B.D. from Union Theological Seminary, New York. She married the Rev. Robert Rodenmayer on July 8,... Read More »

Traditionally, these are the three days before Ascension Day on which the litany is sung (or recited) in procession as an act of intercession. They originated in Vienne, France, in the fifth century when Bishop Mamertus introduced days of fasting and prayer to ward off a threatened disaster. In... Read More »

At Cursillo, one of the fifteen talks on Christian faith and life. The person assigned to give the rollo is called a "rollista."

The term is applied to an intellectual and cultural development which flourished in western Europe and North America in the late-eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It was largely a reaction against the Enlightenment and the neo-classicism which accompanied the Enlightenment. In place of the... Read More »

The term "rood," from Old English, means cross. Rood screens were used as early as the twelfth century to separate the chancel or choir from the nave. The rood screen was surmounted with a rood beam on which was placed a crucifix or Christus Rex. Candles and other figures such as the Virgin Mary... Read More »

(Jan. 30, 1882-Apr. 12, 1945). Thirty-second President of the United States, 1933-1945. He was the leader of the United States in the face of the Great Depression and World War II. Roosevelt was baptized at St. James' Episcopal Church, Hyde Park, New York, and later served as senior warden of... Read More »

A Marian devotion that leads to Jesus. It combines repetitions of familiar prayers with meditation on fifteen mysteries of faith. Meditation on each mystery is accompanied by recitation of the Lord's Prayer, ten (a "decade") Hail Marys, and the Gloria Patri. The mysteries are divided into... Read More »

This school opened at Okolona, Mississippi, in 1859. Bishop William Mercer Green was president of the board of trustees. It was named after Rose Gates, the daughter of Col. Charles Gates, who bought the property. The headmaster was the Rev. William S. Lacey (d. 1867), who served until the school... Read More »

See Laetare Sunday; see Gaudete Sunday.

A circular stained glass window with radiating tracery in the form of a rose. The rose window is usually placed on the west façade of the church. This window may be quite large, dominating the west end of the nave. A rose window may also appear in the triangular ends of transepts. Undecorated... Read More »

(Nov. 2, 1905-Oct. 17, 1987). Priest and educator. He was born in Monterey, Mexico, and received his B.A. from Harvard in 1923 and his S.T.B. from the General Theological Seminary in 1928. He was ordained deacon on June 2, 1926, and priest on May 24, 1927. After ministries in Brooklyn, New York,... Read More »

A rotating service schedule that identifies who will serve in a particular ministry (such as acolytes or lectors) at scheduled services throughout a given period.


Glossary definitions provided courtesy of Church Publishing Incorporated, New York, NY,(All Rights reserved) from "An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church, A User Friendly Reference for Episcopalians," Don S. Armentrout and Robert Boak Slocum, editors.