An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church

A - Z Glossary

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A 1971 hymnal supplement, prepared by the Joint Commission on Church Music of the Episcopal Church and published in a loose-leaf format. It has a wide variety of musical resources, including traditional hymns, folk songs, and ancient melodies. The first section of the collection, "Songs for Liturgy... Read More »

(Dec. 9, 1917-June 12, 1971). Historian and editor. He was born in Irvington, New Jersey. Moreau received his B.A. from Lehigh University in 1940; his S.T.B. in 1947 and his S.T.M. in 1953 from the General Theological Seminary; and his M.A. in 1953 and his Ph.D. in 1960 from Northwestern University... Read More »

(Apr. 18, 1904-Feb. 17, 1977). Editor, author, publisher, and ecumenist. He was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Morehouse received his B.A. in 1925 from Harvard University and his M.A. from Marquette University in 1937. He was secretary of the Morehouse-Barlow Publishing Company, 1925-1939, vice-... Read More »

(Mar. 19, 1868-June 25, 1932). Editor, author, publisher, and ecumenist. He was born in Milwaukee, and educated privately. In 1885 he assisted his father, Linden Husted Morehouse, in establishing The Young Churchman Company, the name of which was changed in 1918 to Morehouse Publishing Company.... Read More »

(Dec. 10, 1862-Feb. 27, 1937). Founder of the Society of the Companions of the Holy Cross. She was born in Hartford, Connecticut, the youngest child of a wealthy family. As early as 1889 she established a number of summer vacation homes for urban working women in rural Connecticut and Massachusetts... Read More »

In many times and places, daybreak has been a time of prayer. Jews prayed in their synagogues at sunrise as well as at other times each day. This Jewish pattern of prayer formed the basis of the Christian monastic Daily Office, with its prayers or "hours" at seven times in each day. Thomas Cranmer'... Read More »

This statement was issued in Aug. 1976 by the Anglican-Orthodox Joint Doctrinal Commission. Subjects treated were: 1) the knowledge of God, 2) the inspiration and authority of Holy Scripture, 3) scripture and tradition, 4) the authority of councils, 5) the Filioque clause, 6) the church as the... Read More »

See Reverend, The.

A composition based on a sacred Latin text, sung by two or more voices. It was traditionally unaccompanied. The text sung by the upper part was a paraphrase of the plainchant text sung by the tenor or lower part. The motet was polyphonic (multiple tones) and polytextual (multiple texts). Additional... Read More »

Traditionally, it is the headquarters for a community where the superior lives. It is distinguished from branch houses or dependent foundations of the community.

" The fourth Sunday in Lent, also known as Refreshment Sunday and Laetare Sunday. It was the traditional mid-Lent Sunday. It was a time of refreshment and relaxing the penitential discipline of Lent. Rose-pink vestments were allowed to take the place of the purple vestments of Lent. The traditional... Read More »

A feast of the church year that is not celebrated on a fixed date. The date of the movable feast's celebration in each year is determined by other liturgical rules. The church year has two cycles of feasts and holy days, one dependent on the movable date of Easter Day and the other dependent on the... Read More »

The ancient liturgy of the Christian church in Spain. Its center was at Toledo. The term is derived from Arabic, "a would-be Arab." Its use stems from the centuries when Spain was under Arab or Moslem rule. Elements from eastern rites found their way into the liturgy of the church in Spain. The... Read More »

A short cape that covers the shoulders. It is fastened at the neck, and it may have a hood. It is traditionally worn by bishops and other ecclesiastical dignitaries.

Statement presented by William Augustus Muhlenberg, rector of the Church of the Holy Communion, New York City, and others to the House of Bishops of the Episcopal Church at the 1853 General Convention. It reflected Muhlenberg's ecumenical vision of a church both catholic and reformed that... Read More »

(Oct. 1, 1746-Oct. 1, 1807). An eighteenth-century Anglican priest who served Lutheran congregations. He was born in Trappe, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. He went to Halle, Germany, for his education. After several years he returned to America. He studied for the Lutheran ministry with Carl... Read More »

(Sept. 16, 1796-Apr. 8, 1877). A leading Episcopal priest of the nineteenth century. He was born in Philadelphia and baptized in the Lutheran Church. When the vestry of St. James' Episcopal Church gave his widowed mother a free pew, she attended that church and William grew up an Episcopalian... Read More »

(Nov. 19, 1833-Dec. 9, 1885). Social Gospel leader. He was born in Montrose, Pennsylvania. Mulford graduated from Yale in 1855. He studied theology at Union Theological Seminary, New York, and Andover Theological Seminary. He traveled in Europe and studied in Berlin, Heidelberg, and Halle. Mulford... Read More »

(Dec. 23, 1884-Sept. 5, 1945). Historian and theologian. He was born in Philadelphia. Muller received his B.A. in 1907 and his Ph.D. in 1915, both from Princeton University. He received his M.A. from Harvard in 1910 and his B.D. from the Episcopal Theological School in 1910. Muller was ordained... Read More »

(Aug. 31, 1869-June 23, 1913). Social Gospel theologian and southern liberal. He was born in Fort Smith, Arkansas, and studied at the University of the South, where he was deeply influenced by William Porcher DuBose. He also studied at the General Theological Seminary, but he received no degree... Read More »

(Aug. 31, 1857-Oct. 3, 1929). The first elected Presiding Bishop. He was born in Lonaconing, Maryland, and educated at Wyoming Seminary, near Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. In 1879 he entered Drew Theological Seminary, Madison, New Jersey, to study for the Methodist ministry, but he had to withdraw to... Read More »

(Nov. 20, 1910-July 1, 1985). First African American woman priest. She was born in Baltimore, Maryland, and raised in Durham, North Carolina. Murray graduated from Hunter College in 1933, and from Howard University Law School in 1944. Her senior thesis at Howard challenged the separate-but-equal... Read More »

A term commonly used for music provided for prose texts from the BCP that cannot be used with metrical tunes. The Hymnal 1982 provides such music (the items whose numbers are preceded by the letter S). Volume VI of the Church Hymnal Series provides musical settings for the Gradual Psalms, Alleluia... Read More »

A term given to the concept of shared ministry and leadership in a congregation. Mutual ministry is an approach to Christian ministry that is lived out of the promises made in baptism. It sees the ministry of the whole congregation as the primary ministry. All members of the congregation are doers... Read More »

This manifesto was issued by the Pan Anglican Congress in Aug. 13-23, 1963, in Toronto, Canada. It pointed to three central truths: 1) the church's mission is to respond to the living God; 2) we are united in Christ; 3) it is time to find a new level of expression and corporate obedience. The... Read More »

(Feb. 14, 1916-June 27, 1981). Bishop and leader in urban mission. He was born in Schuylerville, New York. Myers received his B.A. from Rutgers in 1937 and his S.T.B. from the Berkeley Divinity School in 1940. He was ordained deacon on May 27, 1940, and priest on Dec. 21, 1940. Myers served as a... Read More »

From the Greek mystagogos, the term refers to a process of initiation into "mysteries." It may take place after baptism at the Easter Vigil, lasting throughout the Great Fifty Days of the Easter season. It involves the integration of adult neophytes into the life of the church. It is less strictly... Read More »

The term has been used in many different ways over the centuries. Its most common use refers to a story or explanation which is unhistorical or fictional. In the past it referred to stories about gods from other religious traditions or about human heroes or heroines. Myth is used to communicate... Read More »


Glossary definitions provided courtesy of Church Publishing Incorporated, New York, NY,(All Rights reserved) from "An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church, A User Friendly Reference for Episcopalians," Don S. Armentrout and Robert Boak Slocum, editors.