An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church

A - Z Glossary

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See Baptism, Eucharist, and Ministry (BEM).

A liturgy developed by Max Thurion of the Taizé community. At the meeting of the Faith and Order Commission in Lima, Peru, in 1982, some revisions were made, and the liturgy was used for the first time on Jan. 15, 1982, with J. Robert Wright, an Episcopal priest, as the celebrant. It embodies the... Read More »

" See Baptism, Eucharist, and Ministry (BEM).

The newsletter of the Office of Black Ministries. It began publication in Feb. 1984. The first issue was called the Premier Absalom Jones Issue.

An intercessory prayer including various petitions that are said or sung by the leader and fixed responses by the congregation. It was used as early as the fifth century in Rome. It was led by a deacon, with the collects led by a bishop or priest. The litany was the first English language rite that... Read More »

A low kneeling desk for prayer. Historically it was placed in the midst of the church for use by the leader of the litany. It is also known as a faldstool and a prie-dieu.

The home of the community and household of prayer founded by Nicholas Ferrar (Feb, 22, 1592-Dec. 4, 1637) in Huntingdonshire, England, about 18 miles from Cambridge. Ferrar and his mother and some 40 members of his extended family and household retired to this deserted estate in 1625 and dedicated... Read More »

The canonical hours of prime, terce, sext, and none. Prime was said at 6 a.m., the traditional "first hour" of prayer; terce was said at 9 a.m., the "third hour"; sext was said at 12 noon, the "sixth hour"; and none was said at 3 p.m., the "ninth hour." These offices make up the traditional day... Read More »

See Little Hours of the Divine Office.

"Liturgical Colors" in Episcopal worship signify our place in the Church Year: WHITE, the color of Jesus’ burial garments, for Christmas, Easter, and other ‘feasts’ or festival days, as well as marriages and funerals. PURPLE/VIOLET for Advent (or ROYAL BLUE) &... Read More »

A movement of liturgical renewal and reform, rooted in new discoveries concerning the Christian liturgical tradition and new insights into the experience of common worship. The liturgical movement was encouraged by new developments and insights in the fields of biblical studies, patristic studies,... Read More »

Collections of essays issued from time to time under the direction of the Standing Liturgical Commission. Liturgical Studies are designed to help the commission carry out its canonical mandate "to collect and collate material bearing upon further revisions of The Book of Common Prayer." The first... Read More »

A booklet containing adapted liturgical texts for the Daily Office and the Holy Eucharist, along with a musical supplement. These adapted texts reflect concern for use of liturgical language that is widely inclusive and representative of the variety of the human community. References to the human... Read More »

The study of liturgy, including the rites, forms, texts, symbols, and theology of worship. It is also known as liturgiology. Candidates for ordination to the transitional diaconate and priesthood must be examined and show proficiency in liturgics concerning Christian worship according to the... Read More »

See Liturgics.

The church's public worship of God. The term is derived from Greek words for "people" and "work." The church's public worship of God is the work of the Christian people. The life of Christ active in the church by the Spirit is expressed through liturgy. In ancient Greece, liturgy indicated work... Read More »

An interim body of the General Convention created in 1997. This commission combines the work and responsibilities of two previous bodies, the Standing Liturgical Commission and the Standing Commission on Church Music.

The second half of the eucharistic service, from the offertory to the end of the eucharistic rite. It is also known as the liturgy of the table. It is named the Holy Communion in the BCP (p. 361). It follows the liturgy of the word. The liturgy of the eucharist includes the Great Thanksgiving, the... Read More »

It was also in 1967 that the General Convention approved the constitutional change allowing trial use for liturgical revision. Responses to this eucharistic rite influenced Services for Trial Use, a series of rites authorized by the 1970 General Convention. Subsequent publications in the process of... Read More »

A book containing a eucharistic rite for trial use, along with study materials concerning the process of liturgical revision, the problem of liturgical norms, new perspectives in liturgical renewal, and a detailed rationale for the proposed revision of the eucharistic rite. Its appendices included... Read More »

A convenient, frequently used term for the portion of the eucharistic rite which is celebrated at the altar (holy table), titled "The Holy Communion" in the BCP. It consists of four basic actions: preparation of the table, the eucharistic prayer or Great Thanksgiving, the breaking of the bread, and... Read More »

The first part of the eucharist, centered upon the proclamation of the Word of God, preceding the Great Thanksgiving. The BCP identifies this part of the eucharist as the Word of God (p. 355). Since it precedes the Great Thanksgiving (the anaphora), it is known as the Pro-anaphora. It is also known... Read More »

See Episcopal Church Annual, The.

A weekly magazine dedicated to serving the Episcopal Church, The Living Church was founded in 1878 and published in Chicago under the editorship of the Rev. Charles W. Leffingwell. It soon achieved nationwide readership. Leffingwell established the policy still followed of providing honest news and... Read More »

A Christian education curriculum based on the common lectionary. It was begun in the Diocese of Colorado in 1976 as a six-week program. It is sometimes referred to as the "Colorado Curriculum." Living the Good News emphasizes the heritage of the Episcopal Church, the sacraments, and the Prayer Book... Read More »

In 1898 the Rev. Frederick Ebenezer John Lloyd, rector of Trinity Church, Hamilton, Ohio, published a volume patterned on the English Crockford's Clerical Directory. It was entitled Lloyd's Clerical Directory for 1898: Being a Statistical Book of Reference for Facts Relating to the Clergy... Read More »

(May 3, 1857-July 22, 1936). Bishop and president of the Board of Missions. He was born in Mt. Ada, Alexandria County, Virginia. Lloyd received his B.A. in 1877 from the University of Virginia, and his B.D. from Virginia Theological Seminary in 1880. He was ordained deacon on June 25, 1880, and... Read More »

See Canon 9 clergy.

A member of the clergy who temporarily fills the office of another. From the Latin, "to hold a place." A substitute or deputy. The position may be known as a locum tenency.

Greek for "word," used in various senses. The term is used for the Christian message or kerygma, which is the proclamation of God's saving act in Jesus Christ. It is also used as a christological term, which is believed to have originated from use in Hellenistic Judaism as a synonym for the... Read More »

See Virginia Company of London.

From the earliest days of the Virginia colony the Bishop of London had a vague responsibility for the Church of England in the American colonies. This may have been because Bishop John King of London was a member of the first Council of the Virginia Company. William Laud was Bishop of London from... Read More »

The 1868 General Convention voted to divide the Diocese of New York and establish a new diocese. The new diocese included the following counties: Brooklyn, Nassau, Queens, and Suffolk. The primary convention of the new diocese met at the Church of the Holy Trinity, Brooklyn, on Nov. 18-19, 1868,... Read More »

Sunday, the day of Jesus Christ's resurrection, the first day of the week. The term was used in early Christian literature for the Christian observance of Sunday. Each Sunday was celebrated as an Easter festival. For Christians, the Lord's Day took the place of the Jewish Sabbath as the... Read More »

This prayer of Jesus was given to his disciples as an example of how they should pray. The phrase "Lord's Prayer" is not used in the NT. The prayer is found in Mt 6:9-13 as part of the Sermon on the Mount and in Lk 11:2-4 when Jesus and the disciples are on the road to Jerusalem. Luke's... Read More »

See Eucharist.


Glossary definitions provided courtesy of Church Publishing Incorporated, New York, NY,(All Rights reserved) from "An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church, A User Friendly Reference for Episcopalians," Don S. Armentrout and Robert Boak Slocum, editors.