An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church

A - Z Glossary

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(Nov. 7, 1804-Nov. 9, 1851). Leading Anglo-catholic. He was born in Hudson, New York. Croswell graduated from Yale College in 1822, and for the next two years was an assistant teacher in a private school in New Haven. He then studied at the General Theological Seminary and graduated in 1826.... Read More »

The pastorial staff of a Bishop. It was originally a walking stick and later acquired the symbolism of a shepherd's crook. It is a sign of pastoral authority. It may also be carried by abbots and abbeses. In liturgy the diocesan bishop carries the crozier in the left hand, woth the crook facing... Read More »

Death by nailing or binding to a wooden cross. The practice began in the ancient east and was common among the Romans as punishment inflicted on slaves and certain non-Romans. It was abolished by Constantine. The crucifixion of Christ is recorded by all four evangelists. Crosses used for execution... Read More »

(1819-Sept. 12, 1898). African American priest, missionary, and educator. He was born in New York City. Crummell completed a course of study at the Oneida Institute, Whitesboro, New York, in 1839. However, he was denied entrance to the General Theological Seminary because of his color. He then... Read More »

This volume of 142 songs and hymns with music was edited by Betty Pulkingham and Mimi Farra and published by Hope Publishing in 1980. Its predecessors were Sound of Living Waters and Fresh Sounds. It contains hymns from various traditions and countries. It is a collection of traditional hymns and... Read More »

On Oct. 17, 1901, the House of Bishops established the Missionary District of Cuba. At first it was placed under the jurisdiction of the Presiding Bishop. In 1904 the first Missionary Bishop was consecrated. On Oct. 27, 1966, the House of Bishops made the Missionary District of Cuba the autonomous... Read More »

This diocese was established in 1989. Jose Guadalupe Saucedo, Bishop of Central and South Mexico, became its first bishop. The General Convention of 1994 granted the five Mexican dioceses, including Cuernavaca, permission to withdraw from the Episcopal Church and constitute themselves an autonomous... Read More »

(Nov. 30, 1913-Mar. 29, 1987). Leading Christian educator, editor, and seminary administrator. He was born in Millersville, Pennsylvania, and received his B.A. from American International College in 1934; and his B.D. in 1937, his M.R.E. in 1938, and his Ph.D. in 1939 from the Hartford Seminary... Read More »

(d. Apr. 19, 1741). Commissary to Pennsylvania. He arrived in Philadelphia from England on Sept. 8, 1726. The next day he began his ministry as fifth rector of Christ Church and first Commissary to Pennsylvania. He served in those positions until his death.

(Dec. 11, 1822-June 26, 1876). First Presiding Bishop of the Reformed Episcopal Church. He was born near Smyrna, Delaware. Cummins received his B.A. from Dickinson College in 1841. From 1842 until 1845, he was a Methodist circuit rider in Maryland and West Virginia. He became interested in the... Read More »

(c. 625-Mar. 20, 687). Bishop and hermit. He was born on Farne Island, near Bamborough, Northumberland, England. In 651 Cuthbert went to the monastery at Old Melrose and became a monk, where he received the Celtic tonsure. He was prior of Melrose Abbey from 661 until 664 when he moved to... Read More »

(May 31, 1684-Aug. 17, 1765). Participant in the "Yale Apostasy." He was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, and graduated from Harvard College in 1701. From 1710 to 1719, he was the Congregational minister at Stratford, Connecticut. He was chosen rector of Yale College in 1719. On Sept. 13, 1722,... Read More »

It was founded on Feb. 22, 1889, as Hoffman Institute at Harper, Liberia, by Bishop Samuel David Ferguson (1842-1916). In 1897 a divinity school was added and the name was changed to Cuttington Collegiate and Divinity School in honor of its first donor, R. Fulton Cutting. The school closed in 1929... Read More »

Cuttington University College in Suacoco, Liberia, was forced to close in 1989 because of the civil war in Liberia. The college president, Dr. Melvin J. Mason, and many friends of Cuttington, including alumni, former Fulbright scholars, and Peace Corps volunteers, established Cuttington-in-Exile to... Read More »

(200-Sept. 14, 258). Martyr and theologian of church unity. Also known as Thascius Caecilianus Cyprianus, he was converted to Christianity in 245 or 246. He was ordained a presbyter and in 248 was consecrated Bishop of Carthage. During the Decian persecution of 249, he was forced to flee from... Read More »

(826-869) and Methodius (c. 815-885). Known as the "Apostles of the Slavs," these two brothers were from Thessalonica. After their ordinations to the priesthood they went to Constantinople. Cyril was named Constantine until he became a monk. He was the librarian at St. Sophia Church in... Read More »

(c. 315-c. 386). Bishop and Doctor of the Church. He was probably ordained deacon around 330 and priest about 343. From 348 until 386, Cyril was the Bishop of Jerusalem. While he was bishop he wrote his Catechetical Lectures on the Christian faith, which were given to candidates for baptism. In... Read More »


Glossary definitions provided courtesy of Church Publishing Incorporated, New York, NY,(All Rights reserved) from "An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church, A User Friendly Reference for Episcopalians," Don S. Armentrout and Robert Boak Slocum, editors.